Hemp and marijuana are both derived from the plant genus Cannabis. There are many species of the Cannabis genus. Cannabis sativa is one of those species. Hemp and marijuana are 2 separate varieties within this species.
Hemp has at least 400 strains and marijuana has over 775 strains. Several differences are found between theHemp variety and the Marijuana variety.
Hemp producing cannabis strains are tall, fibrous stalks. The stalks are strong and have few flowering buds.
Marijuana strains are short, bushy, and have high concentration of flowering buds.
Marijuana typically contains 5-30% THC* and lower amounts of CBD**.
Hemp contains < 0.3% THC. and a higher concentration of CBD.
Cultivation Chemical Properties and Uses
Hemp is grown and cultivated for fiber, foods, oils, and fabrics.
Marijuana is cultivated to yield the psychoactive ingredient THC found in the flowers and buds.
*Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis. THC is the principal lpsychoactive constituent of cannabis.
**Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannadiod discovered in 1940 and, it is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in hemp plants.